Excelcare Hospitals successfully institutes ECMO in Northeast for the first time

Guwahati: The Department of Cardiac Thoracic & Vascular Surgery at Excelcare Hospitals led by Dr. Manuj Kumar Saikia (Chief Cardiac Surgeon) & Dr. Intekhab Alam (Consultant Cardiac Surgeon) have set a new benchmark in the standard of healthcare in the region by introducing the latest and most advanced form of therapy in Cardiac Surgical Sciences by being the first among the Hospitals in Assam & entire North- East India to institute successful VA ECMO (Veno Arterial Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation).

The patient, a 49-year-old male from Rangiya (Assam) presented with severe shortness of breath and Ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdomen & jaundice), in an advanced stage of Heart Failure due to chronic Multivalvular Disease. His breathing became progressively laboured and started having fluid accumulation around the abdomen. He was immediately evaluated by the team of Cardiologists led by Dr. Neil Bardoloi (Chief Cardiologist) and after initial management was instituted, he was referred for immediate surgery. The patient made good recovery and was discharged on Tuesday. 

Dr. Manuj Saikia said “This was a very challenging case as there was very high risk of complications as the patient had heart failure (with low ejection fraction) along with high pressure in the arteries of the lung (severe pulmonary artery hypertension) with Ascities (water accumulation in the abdomen) and jaundice. However, we were able to successfully operate on the patient by instituting ECMO to support the failing ventricles after completion of the Triple Valve Operation (two valve replacement along with repair of another valve).”

Dr. Saikia added “It is the beginning to embrace the emerging paradigm in the treatment of severely and critically ill patients in this region which otherwise had to accept the fate of nature or had to travel outside the state for the same.” He went on to thank the Cardiology team, Anaesthesiology team, Blood Bank Team, Perfusionist, OT Technicians, Nursing Team and ICU staff for their combined effort and making it a success.

Dr. Neil Bardoloi said, “This facility in Excelcare Hospitals has not only opened up a new era in the treatment of critically ill patients in Assam and adjoining region but also raised the standard of treatment at par with National and International standards.”

ECMO or Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation is a form of Advanced Life Support System, where in patients with weak heart are supported on an artificial machine which takes over the function of heart & lungs (oxygenates the blood, warms the blood & recirculates in the body to maintain adequate blood pressure). ECMO provides support in variety of conditions such as ARDS (Severe Lung Injury), Cardiogenic Shock (Heart Failure) due to Myocarditis or DCMP, as a bridge to Transplant (Heart or Lung) or in High-Risk Heart Surgeries/Congenital Heart Surgeries.